|The Commune of Glusk The commune of Glusk is a very strange one as its principal town is no longer within the gmina boundaries, it has been absorbed into Lublin. This gmina lies on the southeast corner of Lublin gmina.The commune covers an area of 64 sq.km, has a population of 6196 and is located on part of the Gielczew Upland. The major centres in the commune are: Ćmiłów, Mętów and Kalinówka. In this places occurs very intensive development of housing estates, especially for people which work in Lublin. Another popular placeÂ for the sake of nearness of Zemborzycki Reservoir and Bystrzyca river is Dąbrowa. Other places are mainly agricultural.The area of arable land is about 5 300 ha. The main crops are wheat, barley, potatoes and sugar beet.
The structure of soil using in the commune of Głusk.
The northern part of the commune is considerably integrated with the town plan of Lublin. It is traversed by the naturally meandering Czerniejówka river, along the course of which there are natural water reservoirs. The southwest corner of the commune is overgrown with pinewood accompanied by unique swamps which are the last enclave of mud turtle in this part of Europe. The western outskirts of the commune are touched by the Krężniczanka river with the extremely rare population of musk-rats and crayfishes requiring pure water. This uniquely clean area has been classified as part of the Czerniejowski Protected Landscape Area.
In the Middle Ages, the area to the south of Lublin was traversed by the busy Ruthenian route, otherwise called the Lublin route. In the contemporary period, it was replaced by a the „Skrzynice route” leading from Lublin via Abramowice to Rawa Ruska. The oldest villages of the commune, such as Wilczopole, Metow and Cmitow (mentioned since the 14th and the 15th centuries), belonged originally to yeomanry. The latter half of the 17th century saw the process of cumulating of small properties in one hand. Tomasz Kazimierz Gtuski of Drzewice possessed Dominow, Abramowice, part of Wilczopole, Cmitow and Skrzynice (outside the commune). To crown the activity, he founded a small agricultural town Głusko, later Głusk in 1688. The subsequent owners of the landed estate scrambled for gaining further territories.
In the 1820s, the property passed over to the Grabowski family. The importance of Gtusk began to go down. Paralyzed with the vicinity of a large urban area, hit by fires and plagues, separated from the tourist traffic due to the construction of the strategic road Lublin-Piaski, it lost the civic rights in 1869/70. After the reform of 1973, Głusk became a seat of the commune. In 1987, the northern part of the commune as well as Głusk and Abramowice were incorporated into Lublin. Now the capital of the commune is outside its borders.
THE COMMUNE OFFICE
Urzad Gminy, ul. Rynek 1 , 20-388 Dominów. tel: (+48 81) 751 87 60
Contacts in the commune office.
THE CATALOGUE OF PLACES IN THE COMMUNE OF GŁUSK
A string of houses and farmsteads along a straight, east-west, lane, half in this gmina and half in gmina Lublin. the land is open, undulating and arable. Kalinowka is 2.5k to the southeast.
A large village on the west bank of the Czerniejowka river as it flows north towards Lublin. Many houses plus some outlying farmsteads at the bottom of an arable valley.
A village on the west bank of the Czerniejowka river, in an area of open, undulating arable land, with meadows down by the river. Metow is on the other side of the river.
Many farmsteads on a grid of lanes in an area of open, undulating arable land on the south side of highway 17.
Many farmsteads and some houses on a grid of tracks in an area of open, undulating arable land on the south side of highway 17. On the western side of the settlement is a very large wood.
3 farmsteads on the in an area of open, undulating arable land, bounded in the west and north by a wood.
Farmsteads and some houses on a lane that ends at a large wood on the western side of the settlement. The land is open, undulating and arable. There are wooden cottages from the 19th and 20th centuries.
Some farmsteads along a straight track in the middle of a large area of open, undulating arable land. Wilczopole is 2km to the south.
Some farmsteads on a few intersecting tracks in an area of open, undulating arable land. There is a small forest just over 1km to the north as well as some smaller woods at a similar distance in many other directions. Prawiedniki is 1km to the west.
Some farmsteads in an area of open, undulating arable land just north of a very large wood. Majdan Metowski is 1km to the southeast.
Majdan Mętowski (Majdan Metowski)
A group of farmsteads in a cleared are of forest, the land is now open, undulating and arable. There is still woodlands to the west, south and northeast.
A line of houses and some farmsteads along a lane on the east bank of the Czerniejowka river. The land by the river is meadows, whilst to the east it is undulating, open arable land. There is the remains of a cemetery from the 9th/10th centuries and wooden cottages from the 19th and 20th centuries.
Some farmsteads and a few houses along a track on the south side of a wood. The land to the south is relatively flat, open and arable. 2km to the east, on the other side of the Bystrzyca river, is Prawiedniki.
Farmsteads and some houses on a grid of lanes and tracks in an area of open, undulating arable land. The settlement area is bounded on the north by a small forest, on the west by the Bystrzyca river and in the east by a wood. There are wooden cottages from the 19th and 20th centuries.
Some farmsteads along a lane on the south side of a large forest. Prawiedniki is just to the southwest.
Many farmsteads and some houses on a grid of tracks and a country road. The land is open, undulating and arable. There are wooden cottages from the 19th and 20th centuries.
Houses and some farmsteads along an east-west country road in a small valley in an area of open, undulating arable land. Wilczopole starts at the western end of this village.
THE MAP OF THE GŁUSK COMMUNE